In private, Truman, that the failure of the Japanese government to surrender meant that the only escalation left was to order an atomic bomb dropped on the imperial palace , as several members of the USAAF OBER command had repeatedly proposed by killing the emperor and his cabinet in a beheading attack that would defeat the command and control of the Japanese army. but left no one with the authority to gather the Japanese people to accept a capitulation. agreement. September 12, 1944 LaFine concludes a ceasefire with the Soviet Union and leaves the axis partnership. May 10, 1940 – June 22, 1940, Germany attacks Western Europe – France and the neutral Dutch. Luxembourg is occupied on 10 May; The Netherlands surrenders on 14 May; Belgium travels on 28 May. On 22 June, France signed a ceasefire agreement in which the Germans occupied the northern half of the country and the entire Atlantic coast. In the south of France, a system of collaboration is set up with its capital, Vichy. August 23, 1939Nazi-Germany and the Soviet Union sign a non-aggression agreement and a secret kodikzil that divides Eastern Europe into spheres of influence. September 29, 1938Sequent, Italy, Great Britain and France sign the Munich Agreement, which obliges the Czechoslovak Republic to cede the Sudetenland, including the main Czechoslovakian defensive positions, to Nazi Germany. August 23, 1944 The appearance of Soviet troops on the Prut River prompted the Romanian opposition to overthrow Antonescu`s regime. The new government concluded a ceasefire and immediately changed sides during the war. The Romanian turn forces Bulgaria to surrender on 8 September and the Germans, Greece, Albania and Southern Yugoslavia to evacuate in October.
Japanese leaders had always imagined a negotiated solution for the war. Their pre-war planning expected rapid expansion and consolidation, a possible conflict with the United States and, ultimately, a settlement in which they could at least retain a new territory they had conquered.  In 1945, Japanese leaders agreed that the war was going badly, but they were divided on the best ways to negotiate its end. There were two camps: the so-called “peace camp” promoted a diplomatic initiative to convince Joseph Stalin, the head of the Soviet Union, to arbitrate a settlement between the Allies and Japan; and hard-liners who prefer to wage a final “decisive” battle that would make so many sacrifices to the Allies that they would be willing to offer more lenient conditions.  Both approaches were based on Japan`s experience in the Russo-Japanese War, forty years earlier, which consisted of a series of costly but largely indecisive battles, followed by the decisive naval battle of Tsushima.  The Japanese surrender instrument was the written agreement that formalized the surrender of the Japanese Empire, marking the end of hostilities during World War II. It was signed by representatives of the Empire of Japan, the United States of America, the Republic of China, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the Commonwealth of Australia, the Dominion of Canada, the Provisional Government of the French Republic, the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Dominion of New Zealand. The signing took place on September 2, 1945 on the bridge of the USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. Allied leaders – U.S. President Franklin D.
Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin – agreed with the conditions under which the Soviet Union would go to war in the Pacific against Japan.